Grade: 8-12
Subject: English Language-Arts
Using Concrete Imagery
Close Reading Skill:
Concrete/Abstract imagery

Grammar Skill:
Prepositional Phrases

Composition Skill:
Writing Poetry with Concrete Imagery

Expected Outcome Of This Lesson Plan-
1.Students will be able to identify a variety of methods used to create imagery within poetry.
2.Students will learn to create a poem using concrete images.
3.Students will be able to recognize and use prepositional phrases.
Teacher Objectives-
1.Identify concrete and abstract nouns
2.Illustrate ideas using imagery
3.Differentiate between “showing” experiences in writing and “telling” about them
1.'Tonight I Can Write' -Pablo Neruda
Teaching Methods-

1. Lesson Introduction-

Bell Ringer Activity
-In their journals, students will identify an emotion and explain it as though they are explaining it to a person who has never heard of it.

2. Lesson Progression-

1.Using "Abstract/Concrete Nouns Yes/No Chart," students will observe the difference between abstract and concrete nouns.
2.As a class, students will provide an example of an emotion and provide concrete nouns that demonstrate that emotion.
3.The teacher will show the students how to describe the emotion using the concrete nouns and ideas reflective of those nouns.
4.Teacher will read aloud Pablo Neruda's 'Tonight I Can Write.'

3. Guided Practice-

1.Students, in pairs, will identify the emotion illustrated in Neruda's poem and underline the descriptive words and circle the prepositional phrases used to illicit the identified emotion.
2.Students will discuss the ways that Neruda shows his emotion.
3.Students will refer back to their bell ringer activity and determine whether or not they were showing the emotion using concrete imagery, or telling about the idea using abstract imagery.

4. Student Practice-

1.For homework, students will write a poem that shows the reader an emotion without telling what the emotion is; they must include at least two prepositional phrases.
2.In class students will have peer conferences and make suggestions for eachother's writing.

5. Learner Accommodations-

1.Graphic organizers will provide ways of organizing ideas, and conept maps will provide further details for confusing concepts.
2.Have Neruda's Poem available in other languages, including the original Spanish version.
3.Use audio/visual reading of 'Tonight I Can Write.'

6. Assessment-

1.Teacher will provide ideas for revision and assess each students' poem.

7. Lesson Closure-

1.Students will read their poems aloud to the class, and the class must identify what emotion is illustrated.
Measuring Student Progress-
1.Were students engaged by the activities?
2.Did students understand the concept of concrete imagery?

This Lesson Plan is available at (