Subject: Literacy Grade: K-2
1. Topic-
Data Charts and Shapes
 
2. Content-
The children will use the book to relate shapes, colors, and words to real life objects. While doing so they will be exposed to vocabulary with words that apply to shapes, sizes, and colors.
 
3. Goals: Aims/Outcomes-
1. Children will be able to use their beginning understandings of conventional writing to complete the first two columns of the data chart, and an individual handout which includes drawing the given shapes, and writing the name of the shapes by following the dotted lines provided.
2.The children will use the book that has been read allowed to complete the "match it" and "Not A..." column on the data chart and sort the given pictures to the correct shape on the chart.
3. The children will be able to understand which object relates to what shape, and will be able to use other real world examples to fill in the "now you try" column of the chart. This will then show that the child understands the concept of shape and object relationships, as well as Alphabet Recognition with words and shapes.
 
4. Objectives-
With small group instruction in literacy being one of the most important daily literacy routines the children will work in groups of 3-4. They will then have to work together in order to complete the chart. Working together in groups has positive effects because it allows students to work on peer interaction, as well as learning from each other and being able to constructively correct the mistakes of others. At the end of the activity the groups chart will be viewed and corrected to ensure that the child did not just place their cards randomly, and understood what was being asked of them.
 
5. Materials and Aids-
Each group will receive:
- 1 data chart placemat
- 1 envelope of cards to be sorted.
- A writing Material for each child in the group.
- One Dotted Line work sheet per child.
 
6. Procedures/Methods-

A. Introduction-

A data chart is a tool for organizing information. They are grids that are designed to organize information about a topic that can be divided into subtopics. Although data charts are designed for children in grades 3 and up, they can be modified in ways that will appeal to children and be successful in teaching during the begging stages of literacy development in children. With this activity the children will use the Data chart to sort the information they learned about shapes after listening and then examining the book given. The chart will be focused on four shapes (circle, square, rectangle, and triangle). The subgroups will be devised in order to show comprehension. With this activity children will use beginning writing skills, memory skills, and text to world relationships.
 

B. Development-

The book "Look Around" a book about shapes, by Leonard Everett Fisher will be read aloud in a large group formation in order for children to get a basic understanding and become familiar with the book. They will then be split into groups where they will receive a group copy of the book, and will use the book to fill out the provided data chart. The envelope that each group receives will have pictures that correspond to examples of real life object- shape relationships. They will then have to use the cards and the book to fill out the chart and place the cards correctly with the shape that it is in relation with. The book also gives examples of objects that are NOT in relation with the shape, and the child must place those particular objects in the correct column as well. (For example, the banana does not have the same shape as the grapes, apples, and oranges in the fruit bowl that is given in the book). The book gives examples of objects that may not correspond with one shape, but may with another. (For example, the Sun located on the triangle page). Although this may cause some children to be concerned about which column to choose for the item, it is seen positively because the detection of this shows that the children actually comprehend what the book is teaching them. The placement of the sun in the "Not A" column of the Triangle chart would be the correct placement for the activity, but, the children would not be considered wrong if they placed the sun with the circles, because that too would be a correct detection of a shape to object relationship. Instead, the students would be asked if they understood why the object could be placed in either column, but why the "Not A" triangle column corresponds with the text to object principle better.
 

C. Practice-

Each Group will fill out the data chart given until they have placed each card correctly in the columns. The children will have as many attempts as needed to complete the task, and if after multiple attempts the children still are incorrect they will be provided with assistance. For further practice the group will then choose objects seen in the room and attempt to draw them, in the "now you try" column of the data chart for each shape. In order to make this fair, the children will pick from a separate envelope and find and draw the shape they have picked, this way there is not one individual child doing all the work.
 

D. Independent Practice-

Independently, as well as tracing on the data chart, each child will get a chance to trace their own individual sheet of paper for conventional writing practice.
 

E. Accommodations (Differentiated Instruction)-

Each child learns differently, and at different paces. In order for each child to comprehend the activity they will be placed with children of their same literacy level.
 

This Lesson Plan is available at (www.teacherjet.com)