1. Topic-
Grammar and Writing
2. Content-
Grammar rules:
("ought to," "should")
Conversation and Dialogues
3. Goals: Aims/Outcomes-
1. Students will be able to understand when to use "ought to" and "should."
2. Students will have a better understanding of what advice to give, and in which situations.
3. Students will feel comfortable offering advice as well as asking for it.
4. Materials and Aids-
Index cards, Dialogue pictures, large conversation cards, markers.
5. Procedures/Methods-

A. Introduction-

1. Introduce grammar terms that will be reviewed; place terms onto board for students to see.
2. Explain terms, provide several examples; write them on the board.
3. List out and review grammar rules (section C).

B. Development-

1. Place six dialogue picture examples (section A) on the board, explain what is happening in each.
2. Divide class into groups of three and have each write advice that should be given. Observe each group.
3. Have one member from each group write their advice under their assigned picture.
4. Review advice students have given.

C. Practice-

1. Still in same groups, pass out handout.
2. Read through dialogue and advice examples.
3. Groups will complete handout. Allow 15 minutes.
4. Have each group stand up and read out loud answers. Have other groups critique responses, i.e. agree or disagree.
5. Discuss responses in depth.

D. Independent Practice-

1. Write "small talk" on the board. Brainstorm this meaning with students.
2. Next, read off situational prompt (section E). Multiple questions have already been written down onto cardstock.
3. Give each set of questions to each group. Place them upside down in the middles of the group.
4. One student chooses a card and asks the question to another student in their group.
5. Students will be instructed to answer and add to the response.
6. Walk around, assist, and monitor.

E. Accommodations (Differentiated Instruction)-

1. Write down any grammatical problems seen and/or heard on the board for error correction.
2. Review.

F. Checking for understanding-

1. Quickly review concepts learned.
2. Ask students if they need any topic or concept clarified.

G. Closure-

1. Review one more time how and why conversational advice is important and why there are certain things that "should" and "should not" be said.
2. Assign a related homework assignment.

This Lesson Plan is available at (www.teacherjet.com)