Grade: 7
Subject: Social Studies
The First Americans
Social Studies Standards:
1. US History
primary source
secondary source

Expected Outcome Of This Lesson Plan-
Aim: How did historians learn about the first Americans?

ESL AIM: Understanding cause and effect
Teacher Objectives-
The student will be able to:
1. Distinguish between primary and secondary sources;
2. identify ways in which historians use primary sources to learn about the past;

3.Discuss how archaeologists help us to learn about history.
4. Write notes in outline form
American Nation text pages 20-25.
Guide to the essentials page 22.
color transparencies for primary sources. Projector/Smartboard
Graphic organizer for outline notes.
Teaching Methods-

1. Lesson Introduction-

Warm Up Activity: Write "hearsay and rumor" on the board. Ask students to define each term in their own words. Call on volunteers to to give examples then ask students to respond to the question "Can history be based on hearsay or rumors?"


2. Lesson Progression-

1.Introduce note taking in outline form.Write heading: Using Historical Evidence.
2.Write sub-heading primary and secondary sources. Ask a volunteer to read the section aloud. Elicit responses to continue the outline by writing definitions and examples of both sources.

3. Guided Practice-

1.Work with students to read and continue the outline for the next sub section.
2.Students read each paragraph silently.
3.Volunteers write the main points for each paragraph to continue the outline.

4. Student Practice-

1.Students complete the outline to answer the question on how archaeologists uncovered the past.
Homework: Interview an older relative or friend about the September 11 tragedy or any other event that they witnessed. Write your interview notes to share with the class. Explain why you think the notes are a primary source.


5. Learner Accommodations-

1.Use color transparencies to help ELL and visual learners distinguish between primary and secondary sources.
2.Display excerpts from encyclopedia on first americans, Ask students to identify them as primary and secondary sources.

6. Assessment-

1.Complete the guide to the essentials and section questions as an oral review.


7. Lesson Closure-

1.Review answers from section review.
Measuring Student Progress-
1. Unit examination

This Lesson Plan is available at (